In Canada, human trafficking is prohibited under both the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (2002) and amendments to the Criminal Code (2005 and 2010). Under Ministerial Guidelines, officials of Citizenship and Immigration Canada may issue a Temporary Residence Permit to a foreign national in Canada who is believed to be a victim of human trafficking. In certain circumstances, a foreign national may instead apply for refugee protection in Canada.
To read the prohibition of human trafficking in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, please click here.
To read the prohibition of human trafficking in the Criminal Code, please click here
To read about the Temporary Residence Permit that may be issued to trafficked persons, please click here.
- a Private Member's Bill proposed by MP Maria Mourani on 16 October 2012 -
Bill C-452 will amend the Criminal Code of Canada to make three changes regarding human trafficking.
- it will provide consecutive sentences for offences related to procuring and trafficking in persons;
- it will create a presumption
regarding the exploitation of one person by another and add circumstances that
are deemed to constitute exploitation; and
- it will add the offences of procuring and trafficking in persons to the list of offences to which the forfeiture of proceeds of crime applies.
To read the text or follow the progress of Bill C-452 please go to the website of the Parliament of Canada: www.parl.gc.ca/LegisInfo.